e-property cards under SWAMITVA scheme :
OFFICIAL WEBSITE : https://svamitva.nic.in/svamitva/index.html
The scheme aims to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural
India. The demarcation of inhabitant (Abadi) land in rural areas would be done
using Drone Surveying technology, with the collaborative efforts of the Ministry of
Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Department, State Revenue Department and
Survey of India. This would enable village household owners, to use their homes as
a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits and provides the
record of rights for inhabited rural areas in villages, create geo-tagging of each
property and update property and asset register to strengthen the tax collection and
demand assessment process of Gram Panchayats, so that the legal record of
property holders are available with the State and State can issue Property Cards to
household owners which would enable monetization of rural residential assets for
the purchase of credit and other financial services. There is an additional benefit of
clear determination of property tax, which would accrue to the GPs directly in
States where it is devolved or else, add to the State exchequer.
2 Document Overview
This document details the Step by Step procedure with role and responsibility of
3 Key Stakeholders
Refer Chapter 6 of the Framework for implementation of SVAMITVA scheme.
i. State Revenue Department and Survey of India (SoI) shall sign the
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for drone-based surveying of rural in
habited areas (if not already signed).
ii. The State Revenue Department need to check the extent of activities that
can be undertaken to conduct Drone survey for demarcation of rural
inhabited areas in the State Revenue Act. If required, State may need to
seek an amendment in the State Revenue Act to undertake drone and
survey of properties.
iii. The State Revenue Department need to ensure that for issuance of property
card to villagers, whether the prescribed form of property card need to
modify/update / or any amendment in State Revenue Codes with respect to
Drone Survey methodology. If required, State may need to seek necessary
iv. Survey of India shall take requisite permission for flying Drones from
Directorate General of Civil Aviation/ Ministry of Defence.
5.1 Establishment of Continuous Reference Operating System
(Applicable for Rajasthan and Punjab State only for the pilot phase of SVAMITVA scheme)
Continuously Operating Reference Stations is a network of reference stations that
provide a virtual base station that allows access long-range high-accuracy
Network RTK corrections. The RTK networks extend the use of RTK to a larger
area containing a network of reference stations. Accuracy is increased in a CORS
network, because more than one station helps ensure correct positioning and
guards against a false initialization of a single base station. Real-time kinematic
(RTK) positioning is a satellite navigation technique used to enhance the precision
of position data derived from satellite-based positioning systems. Hence CORS
Network supports in establishing Ground Control Points, which is an important
activity for accurate Geo-referencing, ground truthing and demarcation of Lands.
i. State Revenue Department shall facilitate field survey activities with support
from local authorities for
a. CORS site selection, in discussion with Survey of India
b. Provide Area/ site for CORS network installation
c. Provide electricity, physical security and facilitation for establishing the
d. Facilitate hiring of field vehicles, hiring of local labours,
accommodation for field teams etc.
ii. The Survey of India shall perform the establishment of CORS Network,
preparation Geoid Model and ensure operation and maintenance of CORS
network stations and provision of CORS network services for 5 years
iii. The CORS network shall be available to State and Central Government any
other department on licence basis without any charges or very nominal
charges. This would facilitate use of CORS network for any survey related
activities like road construction and Irrigation works etc.
5.2 Preparatory Activities
i. The regional revenue office takes requisite permissions to conduct the survey.
The Collector/ Competent authority notifies the survey area through a public
ii. State Panchayati Raj Department invites the residents of the village for Gram
Sabha to inform them about the schedule of the survey and to sensitize about
the surveying methodology and its benefits.
iii. Demarcation of Abadi area by issuing notices by Revenue office to the
iv. Officials from State Revenue Department along with Gram Panchayat officials
and property owner identifies individual properties, government assets, gram
sabha land parcels, roads, open plots etc. and mark the property boundaries
with Chunna lines for the areas to be surveyed.
v. Gram Sevak / Gram Panchayat shall update Property Register (wherever
vi. State Revenue Department shall provide scanned copy of the available rural
inhabited maps to Survey of India officials. (if available)
vii. SoI shall prepare the mission plan for drone flying using available
maps/satellite imagery, in consultation with State Revenue Officials and Gram
5.3 Provision of Control and Check points
Survey of India shall establish Ground Control Points (GCPs) viz. Horizontal and
Vertical Control points. The location, sketches, description and ids of all control
points need to be maintained in GIS (Geographical Information System) and coordinate list needs to be maintained in both system of (latitude/longitude and WGS
84(World Geodetic System 1984) and UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator)
Coordinate System zone) via CORS network
5.4 Drone Flying and Data Acquisition
i. On the scheduled date, as per the mission plan, the Drone /Unmanned
vehicle shall fly.
ii. Each Drone/ Unmanned Aerial Vehicle flying team (SoI team, Gram
Panchayat Officials) shall be accompanied by at least one employee from
Revenue Department and, if necessary, one official from Police Department
iii. Acquisition of Aerial images using Professional Survey Grade Unmanned
Aerial Vehicle/ Drone for Large Scale Mapping of village
iv. The images captured through Drone would be processed by Survey of India in
its Geographic Information System lab.
5.5 Post Survey Data Processing
i. Post Survey Data Processing shall be done Survey of India. The SoI shall use
their hardware, software and their GIS Lab for data Processing.
ii. Survey of India shall generate following spatial data by processing the images
captured through Drone Survey.
a. Generation of DEM & Ortho Rectified Images
b. Extraction of 2D topographical features from Ortho-rectified images
c. Generation of Land Parcel maps at a scale of 1:500 – The Land Parcel
Maps product shall comprise of base map overlain by different layers of
topographical features, man-made structures, land parcel information,
district/tehsil/village boundaries information, etc. along with alike
attributes as per the requirement of State Revenue Department
d. Creation of boundaries of villages
e. Creation of Spatial Database. It shall comprise of Seamless digital
database for all the layers, data dictionary for latitude, longitude, sketch
control-point along with data feature code, feature type (line, point and
polygon), spatial and non-spatial data along with metadata of features.
The Spatial Database shall be Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
iii. The attributes collected/provided by State Government shall be linked with
their respective features, thereby SoI shall create a digital spatial library of all
the features and their respective information. The data entry in the attributes
table shall be carried out by Survey of India in coordination with State
Programme Management Unit.
iv. SoI shall number the properties / structures within rural inhabited (abadi)/Lal
dora /area as per numbering system provided by the State Government.
5.6 Data Validation and Verification
i. SoI shall undertake QA (Quality Assurance)/QC (Quality Control) work.
ii. Ground-truthing and validation of Land Parcel Maps:
a. SoI shall perform ground-truthing and validation of topographical
features as derived from Ortho-rectified images.
b. State Revenue Department shall perform ground-truthing and
validation of Land Parcel maps and layers pertaining to feature list as
per requirement of State.
iii. Land Parcel Maps/ Boundaries corrections (if required)
a. SoI shall perform corrections in maps and boundaries as per ground
b. State Revenue Department and SoI shall jointly reconcile* the survey
data with the available records and finalize the dimensions of each
* Reconciliation process and correction formula shall be defined as per
respective State Government rules and policies
iv. Post correction of maps and boundaries. SoI shall generate land Parcel maps
with integration of textual details (Records of Rights).
5.7 Inquiry and Dispute Resolution
i. Inquiry Process for Ownership adjudication: The process is initiated, where
survey officials verify ownership of the land parcels, with the help of gram
sabha, landowners, and review the existing documents
ii. State Revenue Department shall issue notification for Joint verification of
ownership to the villagers.
iii. The Inquiry Officer/ competent officer (from the Survey Department) re-verifies
the ownership and resolves any post survey objections received from property
owners. These may be related to correction in owner name, property
boundaries, joint holding etc. For unresolved objections / disputes, the final
decision shall rest with the District Magistrate / Collector/ competent authority
as per State Revenue law.
iv. Gram Panchayat helps in resolving the post survey objections received from
v. State Revenue Department shall issue second notification to provide the
results after resolution of objections at Gram Panchayat
5.8 Generation of Final Maps/ Digital Data
i. SoI shall generate final
a. Ortho-Rectified Image (ORI) of better than ± 5 cm GSD
b. GIS data base prepared on 1:500 scale on UTM projection and WGS-84
c. DEM/DSM of better than ± 20 cm accuracy
d. Hard copy maps on 1:500 scale (04 No’s each) for a village on good
quality 90 GSM paper along-with pdf copy
e. Integration of Spatial and Textual data: Occupant data from the available
records, including Gram Panchayat records, shall be integrated with
5.9 Generation of Property Card (Records of Right)
i. State Revenue Department shall prepare and issue property cards to the
5.10 Updation of property Tax and asset register State
i. Gram Panchayat shall update property tax (Tax would accrue to the GPs
directly in States where it is devolved, or else, add to the State exchequer) and
asset register of Gram Panchayat
5.11Training and Capacity
ii. SoI shall provide training to nominated officials from State Revenue
iii. SoI shall also train State Revenue Department officials on the operations and
usage of various applications and technologies for map data updation.
5.12Officials involved (Indicative list)
S.no Officials Involved Department
1 i. Collector
ii. Deputy Superintendent of
iv. District Revenue Officer
v. Deputy Director of Land
vi. District Superintendent of
vii. Settlement Commissioner
and Director of Land
viii. State Programme
ix. Other Programme
Management units at Taulka,
District level etc
State Revenue Department
2 i. Deputy Surveyor General of
ii. Director, GDC
iii. State Nodal officer
Survey of India
3 i. Sarpanch
ii. Panchayat Secretary
iii. Gram Sewak
State Panchayati Raj
4 i. National Project
Ministry of Panchayati Raj
*State Revenue Department officials hierarchy may vary from State to state.
States may allocate duties to different revenue officials as per their manpower